This charter sets forth the basic operating goals, principles
and operating procedures for the WESTERN REGIONAL AIR PARTNERSHIP.
The purpose of the WRAP is to identify regional or common
air management issues, develop and implement strategies to
address these issues, and formulate and advance western regional
policy positions on air quality. Included in this purpose
is the implementation of the Grand Canyon Visibility Transport
The WRAP is being established by states and tribes and represents
a partnership of states and tribes as well as federal agencies.
This partnership recognizes the unique legal status and jurisdiction
of tribes and seeks to promote policies that ensure fair
and equitable treatment of all participating members of the
WRAP. The Partnership also recognizes the states' and tribe's
authority and responsibility to develop, adopt and implement
their individual state and tribal implementation plans. Further,
the Partnership recognizes the discretion of the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency and its responsibility to develop national
regulatory initiatives, and review State and Tribal implementation
plans through public rulemaking procedures. In addition,
the Partnership recognizes the affirmative responsibility
of the federal land managing agencies under the Clean Air
Act to protect the air quality related values, including
visibility of Class I areas and to manage all the areas under
their respective jurisdictions for the public purposes set
forth in their governing statutory authorities. The WRAP
has no regulatory authority and recognizes that all legal
authority is reserved by its members in accordance with existing
law. The Partnership also recognizes the United States' trust
responsibility as carried out by the federal agencies to
protect tribal resources from degradation.
The organization will provide a coordination mechanism with
regard to science and technology support for policy and programmatic
uses in the western United States.
The WRAP is being formed as an organization exempt from
the Federal Advisory Committee Act. The WRAP will conduct
its processes consistent with the concepts of open and participatory
The 1990 Amendments to the Clean Air Act established the
Grand Canyon Visibility Transport Commission (GCVTC) which
in June of 1996, completed its original mission of developing
recommended strategies for improving visibility in the Grand
Canyon and other Class I sites on the Colorado Plateau. Recognizing
the need for a process to monitor and coordinate the implementation
of its final recommendations, the GCVTC voted to create the
In considering this charter, the WRAP recognized the advantages
of coordination on many of the projects relating to air quality
that are underway in the western region. While the initial
focus of the WRAP was to implement the recommendations of
the GCVTC in conjunction with federal visibility rules, the
requirements of these rules also highlighted the need to
implement other regional planning processes to improve visibility
in all western Class I areas. Rather than establishing multiple
western air quality organizations to meet this goal, the
role of the WRAP was expanded beyond the 16 Class 1 areas
on the Colorado Plateau.
The WRAP will include participation from industry, environmental
groups and any other affected parties, and will operate in
conjunction with regional organizations such as WESTAR, the
Western Governors' Association, and the National Tribal Environmental
PART 1. Goals
The goal of the WRAP is to initiate and coordinate activities
associated with the management of regional or common air
quality issues in the western region of the United States.
PART 2. Membership
Tribes and states shall have equal membership. Initial membership
shall be based on the number of states choosing to join the
WRAP. Should a state withdraw from WRAP membership, tribal
representation would not be reduced. However voting representation
would remain equal for states and tribes.
Section 1. States
a. The governor or his/her designee of the following states:
Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana,
New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington,
b. Designation by a governor of a designee shall be made
in writing to WRAP. Designees shall serve at the pleasure
of their respective governors. Any changes in such designation
shall be made in writing to WRAP.
c. States shall provide a mechanism for communicating
with local government air quality agencies and for participation
of representatives from local government air quality agencies
in WRAP activities.
Section 2. Tribes
a. Tribes participating in WRAP must be federally recognized.
b. Tribal participation shall be determined by the tribes
located in the geographical region encompassed by the WRAP
states listed in Part 2, Section 1.a., and the State of
Nevada, and shall be representative of this geographical
c. WRAP tribal members shall provide a mechanism for participation
by all other interested tribal governments.
d. A tribal leader shall identify in writing a designee
to WRAP. Designees shall serve at the pleasure of their
respective leadership. Any changes in such designation
shall be made in writing to WRAP.
Section 3. Federal Government
a. The U.S. Secretary of the Interior or his/her designee
as a voting member.
b. The U.S. Secretary of Agriculture or his/her designee
as a voting member.
c. The Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency or his/her designee as a non voting member.
d. WRAP federal members shall provide a mechanism for
coordination and participation by their national, regional
and local units.
e. All designations by federal agencies shall be made
in writing to the WRAP.
PART 3. Officers, Duties, Elections, Terms of Office
and Succession to Office
Section 1. Officers
The officers of WRAP shall consist of a state and tribal
Co-Chairperson, and a Treasurer/Secretary elected from
the membership of the body.
Section 2. Duties of Officers
a. Co-Chairpersons. Jointly preside at all meetings of
WRAP; facilitate consensus on all air quality issues; may
convene separate subcommittees to accomplish goals and
objectives; serve as ex-officio members of subcommittees
and work groups; delegate issues to smaller work groups
of the WRAP; represent the WRAP at public meetings. When
circumstances require expedient action, co-chairpersons
may use telephone polls to determine if the WRAP should
consider an issue.
b. Treasurer/Secretary. Responsible for creating a written
record of all meetings, teleconferences and discussion
of the WRAP; transmits this information to all members
of WRAP; may receive assistance by staff or delegate to
committees established by WRAP. Proposes annual budget
to the members of WRAP, reviews audits and final reports
of WRAP and committees receiving funds on behalf of WRAP.
Section 3. Terms and Elections
a. Officers shall be elected by vote of the membership
according to the voting procedures in Part 4.
b. The terms of office for the Co-Chairpersons, and Treasurer/Secretary
shall be for two years, beginning and ending on the date
of the respective years of the annual meeting.
c. The term of office for the Co-Chairpersons, and the
Treasurer/Secretary shall begin at the end of the annual
d. At least 60 days prior to the annual meeting of WRAP,
the Co-Chairpersons shall appoint a nominating committee
comprised of no fewer than five WRAP members of which two
shall be state representatives and two shall be tribal
representatives and one shall be a federal representative.
The nominating committee shall prepare a list of WRAP member
nominees for all positions. The list shall be presented
to the WRAP membership at least 15 days before the annual
meeting. At the annual meeting, state and tribal nominations
shall also be accepted from the membership.
e. In the event that an officer no longer is a WRAP member,
or the office should otherwise become vacant, the Co-Chairpersons
shall request the nominating committee to recommend candidates
for the vacated position. After receiving the recommendations,
the Co-Chairpersons shall call a vote to elect the new
officer. Between the time that such vacancy occurs and
such vote occurs, the Co-Chairpersons shall appoint a member
to serve as interim holder of that office.
PART 4. Issue Resolution, Voting, Quorums, Alternates and
Section 1. Issue Resolution
a. It is the intent of WRAP to resolve all issues on a
consensus basis. Whenever there is disagreement among members,
each member must commit to making all reasonable efforts
to achieve consensus. This may include, when time permits,
participation in formal consensus building processes.
b. When consensus cannot be reached, positions of members
may be recorded for purposes of the public record.
c. Voting may be conducted on administrative matters when
consensus cannot be reached on such issues. Administrative
matters include the election of officers, budget adoption
and other issues related to the general management of the
d. Passage of any matter in which a vote is taken requires
the support of two thirds of the membership of WRAP.
Section 2. Quorums
a. A quorum at meetings and conference calls shall be
representation from two thirds of the members.
b. A vote for determining whether a matter is of an administrative
nature requires two thirds of the voting members.
c. WRAP shall strive to make all decisions on a consensus
basis. On administrative matters when voting is necessary,
WRAP will follow Robert's Rules of Order.
d. WRAP may vote by presenting a question either at any
meeting or by mail (or facsimile) ballot to all members
e. The Co-Chairpersons shall submit to all members by
express mail or by facsimile any matter being proposed
for a vote no fewer than ten days in advance of the meeting
at which the vote is scheduled to be taken, or the date
the mail (facsimile) vote is scheduled to be taken.
f. The Treasurer/Secretary is responsible for the taking
of meeting minutes and will publish the count of any vote,
including abstentions, in the minutes of the meeting.
g. Upon a motion adopted by a majority of the voting members
of WRAP, the Co-Chairpersons may take a roll call vote.
Section 3. Alternates
A WRAP member or designee may designate an alternate that
may vote in that member or designee's absence, provided
that the member or designee notifies the Co-Chairpersons
in writing of the alternate designee's status prior to
the meeting. State and federal member designees and alternates
must be from the member's organization.
PART 5. Meetings
a. WRAP shall hold an annual meeting each year, but may
meet as often as is necessary to conduct its business.
b. Additional meetings of WRAP, including meetings with
other groups, may be called at the request of a majority
of the WRAP members at the request of the Co-Chairpersons.
c. All meetings shall be conducted according to Robert's
Rules of Order.
d. All WRAP meetings will be open to the public. Upon a
vote of the majority of the voting members present, WRAP
may decide to enter into Executive Session (from which the
public may be excluded) for the purpose of discussing and
considering matters relating to personnel, litigation, real
estate and other specific matters, the discussion of which
in open session would be detrimental to the interest of WRAP.
Federal agencies will participate in Executive Session from
which the public is excluded only to the extent consistent
with federal law. Minutes of the public sessions of the meeting
and other status or program reports shall be made available
to the public.
e. WRAP shall provide at least 15 days prior public notice
of its meetings. The notice shall indicate the time, date,
place and purpose of the meeting and include a summary of
the agenda. The notice shall also indicate whether all or
part of the meeting is open to the public or closed, and
if closed the reasons why. Meetings shall be held at a reasonable
time, and in a place reasonably accessible to the public.
The meeting room shall be of sufficient size to accommodate
WRAP members, staff and interested members of the public.
Any member of the public is permitted to file a written statement
with WRAP and may speak at public meetings during designated
periods, as time allows.
PART 6. Stakeholders
a. WRAP shall sponsor meetings of stakeholders to ensure
public access to the organization and its policy development
b. WRAP may establish committees and subcommittees consisting
of a balanced stakeholder groups as appropriate to accomplish
PART 7. Powers of WRAP
a. In carrying out its duties and responsibilities, WRAP
may solicit external funding and may organize committees
and sub-committees of members of other groups for management
or assessment functions (e.g., policy and technical steering
committees, etc.). WRAP members may call for the review of
committee membership and alter committee membership consistent
with its stakeholder and organizational objectives.
b. WRAP may refer issues to committees, forums, working
groups or other groups as appropriate to address regional
or common air quality issues.
c. WRAP has the authority to hire staff, or arrange for
the provision of staff support, to carry out its activities.
d. WRAP may authorize other organizations to solicit and
manage funding on its behalf.
PART 8. Communication
a. The Co-Chairpersons shall submit a call for issues to
all members at least 60 days prior to a scheduled meeting.
b. The Co-Chairpersons shall submit a draft agenda to all
members at least 20 days prior to a scheduled meeting.
c. The Co-Chairpersons shall accept agenda items from all
members up to 15 days prior to a scheduled meeting.
d. The Co-Chairperson shall submit a final agenda to all
members by express mail or facsimile 10 days prior to a scheduled
e. The Co-Chairpersons may amend this communication schedule
for a particular meeting upon a vote of the voting members
present, when a quorum is present. For votes on new business
matters introduced at this particular meeting, a majority
vote of the voting members is required to allow the matter
to go to vote at that meeting.
f. The Co-Chairpersons shall not be required to satisfy
the communication schedule when an emergency meeting must
be held, or when a majority of the WRAP members allows a
different communications schedule, except with regard to
the provision in Paragraph e. above, pertaining to votes
on new business matters.
g. Nothing in this Part shall prevent WRAP from conducting
business and taking valid votes at the meeting at which this
charter is adopted.
h. The WRAP shall establish procedures for conducting meetings
and maintaining records of those meetings.
PART 9. Amendments
The charter may be amended at any business meeting where
a quorum of members are present in accordance with established
voting procedures. Amendments to the charter shall be introduced
in accordance with Robert's Rules of Order and, if consensus
is not achieved, must be passed by a vote of at least two
thirds of the voting members. Amendments to the charter may
only be introduced if noticed at least 10 days prior to the
The acceptance of new members to the WRAP must be done through
an amendment to this charter.
PART 10. Miscellaneous
Section 1. Equal Employment Opportunity
It is the policy of WRAP to provide equal opportunity
for employment and advancement to all employees and applicants
for employment without regard to race, color, religion,
sex, age, national origin, political affiliation, or physical
or mental handicap. This policy covers all aspects of WRAP's
personnel practices including but not limited to recruitment,
hiring, training, promotions, transfers, assignments, benefits
and disciplinary action. All WRAP members are responsible
for supporting this policy and for assuring that the workplace
is free from discrimination.
Section 2. Conflict of Interest
WRAP's policy is that all members and employees must avoid
any action which might result in, or create the appearance
a. Using official position for private gain,
b. Giving preferential treatment to any person,
c. Losing independence or impartiality,
d. Making an official decision outside of official channels,
e. Undermining public confidence in the integrity of WRAP.
Further, WRAP's policy is to prevent personal or organizational
conflict of interest, or the appearance of such conflict
of interest, in the award and administration of WRAP assistance,
including, but not limited to contracts and subcontracts
for personal and professional services, agreements with
consultants and purchase orders.
PART 11. Dissolution of the WRAP
At its first meeting, the WRAP shall establish a level of
membership below which this charter shall be voided and this
organization shall dissolve.
PART 12. Certification
We hereby certify that the foregoing Western Regional Air
Partnership Charter was adopted at a duly called meeting
of the Western Regional Air Partnership, held on the _______
day of ________, 1997, where a quorum was present.
Dated this ________ day of __________, 1997.
Co-Chairperson, Western Regional Air Partnership
Co-Chairperson, Western Regional Air Partnership
July 2, 1997
Revised March 30, 1999
Revised November 29, 2001
(also see: WRAP Bylaws)